Interpretação de Texto - UFU

Smallpox was the first widespread disease to be eliminated by human intervention. In May, 1966, the World Health Organization (WHO), an agency of the United Nations, was authorized to initiate a global campaign to eradicate smallpox. The goal was to eliminate the disease in one decade. At the time, the disease posed a serious threat to people in more than thirty nations. Because similar projects for malaria and yellow fever had failed, few believed that smallpox could actually be eradicated, but eleven years after the initial organization of the campaign, no cases were reported in the field.

The strategy was not only to provide mass vaccinations but also to isolate patients with active smallpox in order to contain the spread of the disease and to break the chain of human transmission. Rewards for reporting smallpox assisted in motivating the public to aid health workers. One by one, each smallpox victim was sought out, removed from contact with others, and treated. At the same time, the entire village where the victim had lived was vaccinated.

By April of 1978, WHO officials announced that they had isolated the last known case of the disease, but health workers continued to search for new cases for two additional years to be completely sure. In May, 1980, a formal statement was made to the global community. Today smallpox is no longer a threat to humanity. Routine vaccinations have been stopped worldwide.


 - 
 - 
authorized - autorizado
initiate - iniciar
campaign - campanha
eradicate - eradicar
goal - objetivo
at the time - na época
posed - representava
threat - ameaça
more - mais
yellow fever - febre amarela
failed - fracassou
few - poucos
believed - acreditavam
actually - realmente

Vocabulário do texto:

Inglês
Português
smallpox
varíola 
first
primeira
widespread
difundido
disease
doença
eliminated
eliminada
intervention
intervenção
agency
agência
cases
casos
reported 
relataram
provide
prover, providenciar
mass
em massa
also
também
patients
pacientes 
in order to 
a fim de
spread
espalhar
break
quebrar, romper
chain
cadeia
rewards
recompensas
aid
ajuda, auxílio
sought (seek) procurou (procurar)
at the same time ao mesmo tempo
announced  anunciou
last  último
known conhecido
search buscar
years  anos
sure  certeza
statement declaração, afirmação
no longer  não mais
stopped  pararam, cessaram

1. Para atingir o objetivo proposto, a WHO usou da seguinte estratégia.

a) Vacinação em massa em todo o mundo.
b) Higienização dos locais infectados.
c) Isolamento de doentes e vacinação em massa.
d) Cobertura intensa e divulgação de áreas contaminadas.
e) Contou com o apoio irrestrito dos governos locais.

Resposta correta: c

Resolução: A resposta se encontra na primeira frase do segundo parágrafo: “The strategy was not only to provide mass vaccinations but also to isolate patients with active smallpox in order to contain the spread of the disease”. (A estratégia era não apenas providenciar vacinação em massa, mas também isolar pacientes com varíola para conter a disseminação da doença).

A resposta correta é, portanto, a alternativa c.

2. A população foi especialmente motivada a contribuir com a campanha da WHO e a auxiliar os sanitaristas

a) com o uso de recompensas pelos casos identificados.
b) por meio de campanhas educativas e informativas.
c) na vacinação dos indivíduos contaminados.
d) participando espontaneamente em vacinações.
e) doando recursos financeiros e seu tempo livre.

Resposta correta: a

Resolução: O texto afirma o seguinte: “Rewards for reporting smallpox assisted in motivating the public to aid health workers”. (Recompensas por relatar casos de varíola ajudaram a motivar o público a auxiliar os profissionais de saúde). A resposta correta é, portanto, a alternativa a.