Interpretação de Texto - UECE

SAVING THE WORLD IS WITHIN OUR GRASP

By Bill Gates

      Last year my wife, Melinda, and I visited an AIDS clinic in Durban, South Africa. We met women who walked miles from nearby townships. When they arrived, they were greeted by a well-trained staff. There was an ample supply of antiretroviral drugs, which can help people with AIDS stay healthy for years. Patients were receiving counseling. As we chatted with one of the doctors in the clinic, it struck me: something was fundamentally different.
      Nearly a decade ago, when Melinda and I started our foundation, we would go to sub-Saharan Africa or developing countries in other regions and see health workers struggling with broken equipment and empty medicine chests. We walked down dirty hallways packed with exhausted mothers holding sick children. (…) But that’s starting to change. Today governments, aid groups and communities are simply refusing to accept the notion that diseases like malaria and tuberculosis will haunt us forever. The evidence is in: these problems can be solved.
      The world can point to a number of victories already. Smallpox is gone, of course, and polio nearly so. Thanks to the leadership of the Carter Center, we’ve virtually eliminated guinea-worm disease, an excruciatingly painful parasite that is ingested with tainted water. There are new treatments available for visceral leishmaniasis, also called black fever, which is second only to malaria as the world’s deadliest parasite killer.
      […] Some lifesaving solutions can be extremely simple – iodized salt to prevent stunted growth, for example, or oral rehydration solutions to fight diarrhea. Consider that one of the easiest ways to cut down on infant mortality is to keep babies warm and dry. Earlier this year, Save the Children recruited knitters through the internet to knit and crochet 280,000 caps for infants.
      Other solutions will arise from pioneering research now underway. Researchers are hard at work developing vaccines that don’t need refrigeration or needles, which could make it easier and cheaper to deliver immunization in poor countries. Scientists are making important progress on new tools, like microbicide gels, to help women protect themselves against HIV. And clinical trials around the world are now testing what may be the greatest scientific breakthroughs of our time: vaccines for malaria, Tb and AIDS.
      (…) At the same time, I’m amazed by the work of the Nothing But Nets campaign, which has managed through Web-based marketing to raise $13 million – mostly from young people – for insecticide-treated bed nets.
      I believe we stand at a moment of unequaled opportunity. Governments must now step up to the plate with more money – wisely targeted – to expand effective global health programs to reach all those in need. Businesses, community groups and individuals all play a role as well. When Melinda and I visited that PEPFAR clinic in South Africa, we were thrilled to see the progress we’ve made against one deadly disease. I’m now more convinced than ever that we can create a healthier world for everyone.

From: NEWSWEEK, OCTOBER 1, 2007 

Vocabulário do texto:

Inglês
Português
saving
salvando
world
mundo
within
dentro de
grasp
alcance
last 
passado, último
year 
ano
wife
esposa
met
encontraram-se
women
mulheres
walked
caminharam
arrived
chegaram
supply
estoque, suprimento
drugs
 remédios 
healthy
saudável
patients
pacientes
receiving
recebendo
chatted
conversaram, tagarelaram
doctors
médicos
struck
comoveu, tocou 
something  algo 
different   diferente 
decade   década
started   iniciou, começou
health   saúde 
workers    trabalhadores, funcionários
struggling  lutando, fazendo esforço 
broken 
quebrado
empty
vazio 
 medicine remédios 
dirty  sujo 
 packed lotado 
holding  segurando 
 starting  começando
today  hoje 
governments  governos 
aid
ajuda
simply
simplesmente  
 refusing  recusando
 accept aceita 
notion  noção 
diseases  doenças 
 haunt assombra 
 forever para sempre 
 evidence  evidência, prova 
 solved resolvidos 
 point  aponta para
 number número 
 victories vitórias 
 already  
 gone passado, desaparecido 
nearly   quase, por pouco
thanks  graças a 
 leadership  liderança
 eliminated eliminado 
painful   doloroso, penoso 
 tainted manchado, estragado, envenenado 
 water água 
new   novo
treatments  tratamentos  
available   disponível
 fever   febre
 solutions soluções 
 extremely extremamente 
 salt  sal
prevent   prevenir 
 growth crescimento 
 fight combater  
 ways formas, maneiras 
 cut down  reduzir
 keep manter 
babies   bebês
 warm quente 
 dry  seco
earlier  mais cedo  
  infants crianças 
arise
surgir 
 research pesquisa  
need   precisa
needles   agulhas 
 easier mais fácil  
 cheaper mais barato 
 poor pobre 
 countries países  
progress  progresso 
 tools instrumentos, utensílios, ferramentas 
 help ajudar  
protect  proteger 
 trials  experimentos
greatest   maior  
campaign   campanha
 raise arrecadar 
 believe  acreditar  
now   agora 
expand  expandir 
 reach  alcançar  
 play  desempenhar
role   papel
thrilled  entusiasmado  
 deadly   letal
 convinced  convencido
 healthier  mais saudável  

 

1. A very simple way to reduce infant mortality is to

a) use iodized salt in the kids’ meals
b) develop lifesaving drugs and vaccines
c) apply vaccines that don’t need refrigeration
d) protect children from the cold weather and dampness

Resposta correta: d

Resolução: A resposta correta se encontra na seguinte frase: “Consider that one of the easiest ways to cut down on infant mortality is to keep babies warm and dry”.

Essa frase nos informa que uma das formas mais fáceis de reduzir a mortalidade infantil é manter os bebês quentes e secos. Portanto, é necessário protegê-los do frio (cold weather) e da umidade (dampness). 

2. The Carter Center has been able to

a) beat malaria and smallpox
b) eradicate guinea-worm disease
c) test a vaccine for malaria
d) produce microbicide gels to protect women against HIV

Resposta correta: b

Resolução: A resposta se encontra na seguinte frase: “Thanks to the leadership of the Carter Center, we’ve virtually eliminated guinea-worm disease”.

Graças à liderança do Centro Carter, foi eliminada a Dracunculíase: guinea-worm disease.

3. One of the optimistic messages in the article is that

a) new treatments for malaria will be available in 2008
b) “Save the Children” raised $1 billion to buy vaccines for children
c) the old notion that certain diseases will haunt us forever no longer exists
d) the Nothing but Nets campaign has saved 3,000 lives

Resposta correta: c

Resolução: A resposta se encontra na seguinte frase: “Today governments, aid groups and communities are simply refusing to accept the notion that diseases like malaria and tuberculosis will haunt us forever”. (Hoje, governos, grupos de ajuda e comunidades simplesmente se recusam a aceitar a ideia de que doenças como a malária e a tuberculose continuarão a nos assombrar para sempre).

4. According to Bill Gates, this is a moment for governments to invest more money to

a) increase global health programs to encompass everybody in need
b) improve the AIDS clinic in Durban
c) expand the supply of antiretroviral drugs
d) prevent diseases in third world countries

Resposta correta: a

Resolução: A resposta se encontra na frase inicial do último parágrafo do texto: “Governments must now step up to the plate with more money – wisely targeted – to expand effective global health programs to reach all those in need”. (Os governos precisam agir com mais dinheiro – direcionado sabiamente – para aumentar programas globais de saúde eficazes para alcançar todos os necessitados).

5. As to the AIDS clinic in Durban, we can say that it

a) is a hundred miles away from nearby townships
b) has a well trained staff and a large supply of drugs to help people with AIDS
c) is packed with broken equipments and empty medicine chests
d) uses microbicide gels to keep mosquitoes away

Resposta correta: b

Resolução: No primeiro parágrafo do texto, o autor relata o seguinte: “When they arrived, they were greeted by a well-trained staff.  There was an ample supply of antiretroviral drugs, which can help people with AIDS stay healthy for years”.

Isso significa que na clínica havia assistentes bem treinados e um grande suprimento de remédios que ajudam pessoas com AIDS a se manterem saudáveis por muitos anos.

6. Some of the good results pointed by Gates is the fact that

a) cheaper vaccines for TB and AIDS have been developed
b) black fever is gone and AIDS is nearly so
c) tuberculosis and malaria no longer kill people
d) smallpox has been eliminated

Resposta correta: d

Resolução: O autor do texto afirma o seguinte: “The world can point to a number of victories already. Smallpox is gone, of course…”

O mundo já pode apontar para algumas vitórias. Smallpox (varíola) já não existe mais, é claro...

A resposta correta, portanto, é a alternativa d: a eliminação da varíola (smallpox).