Interpretação de Texto - UEA

The United States is a nation of immigrants. Those who chose to pull up stakes and try their luck in a distant land “have energy and are willing to take risks,” says psychologist
John Gartner of Johns Hopkins University. For most immigrants, that translates into a spark and drive that lead them to success in their adopted land. For a few, however, risk-taking coupled with impulsivity may set the stage for violence, Gartner says, “and you do see more violence in immigrant nations like Australia and America.” If barriers of language or culture keep an immigrant child from fitting in, it can increase the risk that he will become alienated and, given enough triggers, resort to violence.

Besides murder and violence are also higher in nations with the largest income inequality. The United States ranks high on this problematic measure. Perhaps it was no
coincidence that Cho, murderer of more than 30 people at Virginia Tech, railed that “your golden necklaces weren’t enough, you snobs. Your trust fund wasn’t enough.”

(from The Anatomy of Crime in NEWSWEEK, April 30, 2007)

Vocabulário do texto:

Inglês
Português
nation
nação
immigrants
imigrantes
chose
escolheram
try
tentam
luck
sorte
willing
dispostos
translates
traduz em
spark 
faísca
drive
ímpeto
lead
levam a
adopted
adotada
few
alguns, poucos
however
 porém
coupled
acoplado
impulsivity 
impulsividade
set the stage
preparar o palco
violence
 violência
barriers
barreiras
language
língua
culture cultura
fitting in se encaixar
increase aumentar
triggers causa, provoca
resort   recorrer
murder  assassinato 
 income renda 
 inequality  desiguldade
 ranks classifica 
 measure medida 
Perhaps   talvez
golden  dourado 
necklaces  colares 
snob   esnobes

1. In paragraph 2, we apprehend that

a) the poor are more likely to commit crimes.
b) income inequality tends to undermine murder and violence.
c) poverty is the deterministic cause of violence.
d) every American citizen has a high income.
e) Cho seemed to blame the wealthy for his behaviour.

Resposta correta: e

Resolução: No final do texto, Cho declara: “your golden necklaces weren’t enough, you snobs” (seus colares de ouro não eram o suficiente, seus esnobes).

Por meio dessa afirmação, Cho declara implicitamente que culpa os ricos por seu comportamento. A resposta correta é, portanto, a alternativa e.

2. From the passage as a whole we infer that

a) immigrants are bound to succeed in their adopted land.
b) rates of violence are higher in mobile and heterogeneous societies.
c) Australia and America should be seen as low-violence countries.
d) it is easier to put down roots and become part of a community in immigrant nations.
e) the feeling of social isolation and inadequacy in a community is never sufficient to trigger individual violence.

Resposta correta: b

Resolução: O texto afirma: “If barriers of language or culture keep an immigrant child from fitting in, it can increase the risk that he will become alienated and,
given enough triggers, resort to violence. (Se as barreiras de língua e cultura previnem um filho de imigrantes de se encaixar, isso pode aumentar o risco que ele seja alienado e, dado gatilhos suficientes, recorra à violência). Em outras palavras, a taxa de violência é maior em sociedades mais heterogêneas. A resposta correta é, portanto, a alternativa b.

3. According to Gartner, immigrants

a) lack courage.
b) avoid taking risks.
c) are feeble.
d) are bold.
e) are lucky.

Resposta correta: d

Resolução: O autor do texto afirma o seguinte sobre os imigrantes: “have energy and are willing to take risks” (tem energia e estão dispostos a tomar riscos). A palavra bold significa “corajoso” e “valente”. A alternativa correta é, portanto, a d.