Interpretação de Texto - PUC-SP

What is “Rio+20”?

“Rio+20” is the short name for the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development to take place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 2012 – twenty years after the landmark 1992 Earth Summit in Rio. Rio+20 is also an opportunity to look ahead to the world we want in 20 years.

At the Rio+20 Conference, world leaders, along with thousands of participants from the private sector, NGOs and other groups, will come together to shape how we can reduce poverty, advance social equity and ensure environmental protection on an ever more crowded planet.

The official discussions will focus on two main themes: how to build a green economy to achieve sustainable development and lift people out of poverty; and how to improve international coordination for sustainable development.

It is a historic opportunity to define pathways to a sustainable future – a future with more jobs, more clean energy, greater security and a decent standard of living for all.

Why do we need Rio+20?

If we are to leave a liveable world to our children and grandchildren, the challenges of widespread poverty and environmental destruction need to be tackled now.

  • The world today has 7 billion people - by 2050, there will be 9 billion.
  • One out of every five people - 1.4 billion - currently lives on US$1.25 a day or less.
  • A billion and half people in the world don't have access to electricity.
  • Two and a half billion people don't have a toilet.
  • Almost a billion people go hungry every day.
  • Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise and more than a third of all known species could go extinct if climate change continues unchecked.

The 1992 Earth Summit in Rio laid the groundwork. Rio+20 is a new opportunity to think globally so that we can all act locally to secure our common future.

(www.un.org/en/sustainablefuture/about.shtml. Acesso em 22.5.12)

Vocabulário do texto:

Inglês
Português
short
curto, abreviado
name
nome
take place
ocorrerá
years
anos
landmark
marco
summit
conferência de cúpula
also
também
opportunity
oportunidade
look
contemplar, observar
ahead
adiante
world
mundo
want
querer
leaders
 líderes
shape
 formar, moldar 
reduce
reduzir
poverty
pobreza
ensure
garantir
environmental
ambiental
protection
proteção
crowded cheio, repleto
planet planeta
focus foco, centro
main   principal
themes   temas
economy   economia 
 achieve realizar, conseguir 
lift  erguer, levantar 
 improve melhorar 
 sustainable sustentável 
 future futuro 
jobs  empregos 
standard of living  padrão de vida 
children  filhos, crianças 
currently  atualmente 
lives   vive
 toilet privada (banheiro) 
go hungry    passam fome
rise   aumentar, crescer, subir
change  mudança 

1. Rio+20

a) é um evento que ocorreu pela primeira vez há mais de 20 anos.
b) congregará ONGs e ambientalistas que são desfavoráveis às lideranças do governo.
c) tem por objetivo discutir o desenvolvimento sustentável no âmbito internacional.
d) reunirá todas as lideranças dos países pobres, ou seja, o G20.
e) tratará das questões ambientais sem comprometer a produção industrial e o consumo.

Resposta correta: c

Resolução: A resposta se encontra na seguinte frase: “and how to improve international coordination for sustainable development” (e como melhorar a coordenação internacional para o desenvolvimento sustentável);

2. According to the text,

a) 20% of the people in the world are very poor.
b) more people have access to sanitation than they do to electricity.
c) demographic expansion has already been controlled.
d) developed countries agreed to lower greenhouse gas emissions.
e) hunger might affect 9 billion people by 2050.

Resposta correta: a

Resolução: A resposta se encontra na seguinte frase: One out of every five people - 1.4 billion - currently lives on US$1.25 a day or less.

Nessa frase, o texto nos informa que um quinto da população mundial, isto é, 20% dos seres humanos, vivem com, no máximo, US$1.25 ao dia.

3. One of the themes to be discussed in Rio+20 will tackle

a) world leadership.
b) NGO development.
c) family planning in China.
d) poverty reduction.
e) global economic crisis.

Resposta correta: d

Resolução: A resposta a essa pergunta se encontra na seguinte frase:

It is a historic opportunity to define pathways to a sustainable future – a future with more jobs, more clean energy, greater security and a decent standard of living for all (padrão de vida decente para todos).

Vale ressaltar que um dos assuntos centrais do texto é o combate à pobreza. Vários dos motivos mencionados para justificar o Rio+20 estão relacionados à luta contra a pobreza.