Interpretação de Texto - PUC-RS

COCONUT TREE, COCO PALM

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A thousand years ago, the coconut tree did not even
exist in Tahiti. It was the pioneering Polynesians who
first brought this plant with them in their migrations. A
tree of life in every sense of the phrase, its nut supplies
water, milk and edible pulp; its “heart” is eaten in
salads; its trunk serves as framework for Tahitian huts,
and its palms are woven as roofing.
Then, of course, there is the coconut which, when cut
in two and dried in the sun, produces oil. Plait three
blades of grass and dip into this oil, light… And you
have a lamp. A lamp which not so very long ago was
still used throughout the islands.

 

Vocabulário do texto:

Inglês
Português
coconut
coco
tree
árvore
thousand
mil
years
anos
ago
atrás
first
primeiro, primeiramente
brought
trouxe
migrations
migrações
life
vida
sense
senso
phrase
frase
nut
noz
supplies
mantimentos, suprimentos 
water
água
milk 
leite
edible
comestível
pulp
polpa
heart
coração
eaten
comido
trunk  tronco
huts cabanas
palms palmeiras
woven   tecido
roofing   cobertura, telhadura
of course  é claro 
dried  seco 
 sun sol 
produces  produz 
oil   óleo
plait  entrançar
 blades folha de grama 
grass   grama 
 dip imergir 
 light  luz
 lamp lâmpada 
used   usada, utilizada
throughout   em toda parte 
 islands  ilhas

 

1. From the content of the extract, one can rightly suppose that it was taken from a text about

a) what happened 1,000 years ago.
b) plants that grow in Tahiti.
c) the history of migrating pioneers.
d) the origins of electricity.
e) travelers coming to Tahiti.

Resposta correta: b

Resolução: O texto fala a respeito do coqueiro. Portanto, a resposta correta é a b: plantas que crescem no Taiti.

2. The coconut tree is said to be a tree of life (line 04) because it supplies people with all of the alternatives below, EXCEPT

a) roofs
b) food
c) light
d) housing
e) clothes

Resposta correta: e

Resolução: O texto nos informa o seguinte:
- its palms are woven as roofing
- its “heart” is eaten in salads
- Plait three blades of grass and dip into this oil, light
- trunk serves as framework for Tahitian huts

Contudo, o texto não menciona que o coco é usado para produzir roupas. Portanto, a resposta correta é a e.

3. The terms edible (line 05) and woven (line 07) are associated, respectively, with people’s

a) mouth and hands.
b) arms and legs.
c) legs and feet.
d) feet and hands.
e) mouth and eyes.

Resposta correta: a

Resolução: A palavra edible significa comestível. Woven significa tecido. Portanto, a resposta é a alternativa a: mouth (boca) e hands (mãos), pois se come com a boca e se tece com as mãos.

4. The verb to plait (line 09) is used in British English, and its American equivalent is to braid. Among the items below, the one that is the LEAST likely to be plaited or braided is

a) hair
b) wood
c) cloth
d) paper
e) leather

Resposta correta: b

Resolução: Plait significa entrançar. Pode-se entrançar hair (cabelo), cloth (tecido), paper (papel) e leather (couro). Mas é difícil entrançar madeira. Portanto, a resposta correta é a alternativa b: wood.