Interpretação de Texto - PUC-PR

Brazil is South America's most influential country, an economic giant and one of the world's biggest democracies.

It is one of the rising economic powers - otherwise known as BRIC nations - together with Russia, India and China. Over the past few years it has made major strides in its efforts to raise millions out of poverty.

The discovery of major offshore oil reserves could propel the country into the top league of oil-exporting nations. The exploitation of the Amazon rainforest, much of which is in Brazil, has been a major international worry, since the wilderness is a vital regulator of the climate. It is also an important reservoir of plant and animal life. In 2005 the government reported that one fifth of the Amazon forests had been cleared by deforestation. However, deforestation has been slowed down by extra policing and pressure from environmental and consumer groups. Officials estimate that deforestation in 2010 fell to 5,000 sq km for the year, down from 7,000 sq km the year before and a peak of 27,000 sq km in 2004.

There is a wide gap between rich and poor, but the World Bank has praised the country for progress in reducing social and economic inequality.

Much of the arable land is controlled by a handful of wealthy families, a situation which the Movement of Landless Rural Workers (MST) seeks to redress by demanding land redistribution. It uses direct protest action and land occupation in its quest.

Brazil's Aids programme has become a model for other developing countries. It has stabilised the rate of HIV infection and the number of Aids-related deaths has fallen. Brazil has bypassed the major drugs firms to produce cheaper, generic Aids medicines.

Brazil is revered for its football prowess. Its cultural contributions include the music of classical composer Heitor Villa-Lobos and Bossa Nova icon Antonio Carlos Jobim.

Adapted from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/country_profiles. March, 2011.

 

Vocabulário do texto:

Inglês
Português
South America
América do Sul
influential 
influente
country
país
giant
gigante
world
mundo
biggest 
maior
democracies 
democracias
rising
ascendente
powers 
poderes
together
junto, em conjunto
few
poucos
years
anos
efforts
esforços 
raise
levantar, erguer
millions
 milhões
poverty
pobreza
discovery
descoberta
oil
petróleo
exporting
exportadoras
nations nações
exploitation explorando
 worry  preocupação 
 climate  clima
 important importante 
 life  vida 
 government   governo  
 forests florestas 
 cleared esvaziada 
 however portanto 
 slowed diminuiu, tornou lento 
 environmental ambiental 
consumer  consumidor 
 groups grupos 
 officials autoridades públicas  
 estimate estimam 
 fell caiu 
 down  abaixo, para baixo 
 before   antes
 wide largo
 gap diferença 
 between  entre
 rich  ricos
 poor  pobres
 praised elogiou 
 reducing reduzindo 
 inequality desiguldade 
 controlled controlou 
 wealthy  ricas
 families famílias 
 situation situação 
 seeks  procura
 demanding exigindo 
 uses utiliza 
 action ação 
 occupation ocupação  
 model modelo 
 developing countries países em desenvolvimento 
 stabilised estabilizou 
 infection infecção  
 number número 
 deaths mortes 
 fallen caíram 
 drugs remédios, drogas 
 firms empresas 
 produce produzir 
 cheaper mais baratos, a preço reduzido 
 medicines remédios 
 revered  reverenciado  
 prowess proeza, façanha 
 contributions  contribuições 
 composer compositor  

1. Select the sentence that INCORRECT in relation to the text.

a) Brazil is considered the most influential country in The Americas.
b) The Brazilian government has managed to reduce deforestation since 2004.
c) Brazil has been praised for its achievements in reducing social and economic inequality.
d) MST uses land occupation in its quest.
e) Villa-Lobos and Tom Jobim are famous for their cultural contributions.

Resposta correta: a

Resolução: A questão pede para que o aluno aponte a afirmação INCORRETA em relação ao texto. A alternativa a é a incorreta, pois o título do texto afirma que o Brasil é o país mais influente da América do Sul, não das Américas.

2. In paragraph 7 from the text Brazil is South America's most influential country, an economic giant and one of the world's biggest democracies, the noun “prowess” in the sentence “Brazil is revered for its football prowess” is a synonym for:

a) Weakness.
b) Victories.
c) Virtue.
d) Fame.
e) Teams.

Resposta correta: c

Resolução: A palavra prowess significa proeza ou façanha. Entre as opções apresentadas, a correta é a c: a palavra virtue significa virtude, eficácia ou excelência.