Interpretação de Texto - ACAFE

Answer the questions based on the text below.

The Brazilian government has ratified its participation in the Paris agreement on climate change, a significant step by Latin America‟s largest emitter of greenhouse gases that could spur other countries to follow suit.

With a landmass larger than the continental US, Brazil emits about 2.5% of the world‟s carbon dioxide and other polluting gases, according to United Nations data.
“Our government is concerned about the future,” said President Michel Temer during a signing ceremony in Brasilia. “Everything we do today is not aimed at tomorrow, but rather at a future that preserves the living conditions of Brazilians.”

Temer said Brazil‟s ratification would be presented formally to the UN later this month. The Paris agreement will enter into force once 55 countries representing at least 55% of global emissions have formally joined it. Climate experts say that could happen later this year.

Countries set their own targets for reducing emissions. The targets are not legally binding, but nations must update them every five years. Using 2005 levels as the baseline, Brazil committed to cutting emissions 37% by 2025 and an “intended reduction” of 43% by 2030.

In the last decade, Brazil has achieved significant emissions cuts thanks to efforts to reduce deforestation in the Amazon and increase in the use of energy from hydropower and other renewable sources including wind, solar and biomass.

The Paris accord got a boost earlier this month when the US president, Barack Obama, and China‟s President, Xi Jinping, sealed their nations‟ participation.

“Brazil is now the next major country to move forward. It will add even greater momentum,” said David Waskow, director of the International Climate Initiative at the Washington, DC-based think tank the World Resources Institute.

(Source: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/sep/1 3/brazil-ratifies-paris-agreement-with-pledge-to-sharplyreduce- emissions) 

Vocabulário do texto:

Inglês
Português
ratified
ratificou
agreement
acordo
climate
clima
change
mudança
step 
passo, degrau
greenhouse gases 
gases de efeito estufa
spur
estimular, impelir
landmass
massa terrestre 
emits
emite
data
dados
concerned
preocupado
aimed
destinado
presented 
 apresentou
month 
mês
enter into force 
entrar em vigor
joined
ingressou
experts
peritos
set
determinaram
targets
alvos, objetivos
reducing  reduzindo
binding obrigatório
update  atualizar, pôr em dia 
baseline  linha de base 
cutting   cortando
 achieved alcançou 
 thanks graças a 
 efforts esforços 
increase   aumentou
renewable   renovável
sources   fontes 
wind   vento
 boost  auxílio, empurrão
 sealed  selou, ratificou 
move   mover-se 
forward    adiante
greater    maior 
 momentum   impulso 

1. Which title best expresses the main idea of the text?

a) Brazil: Latin America‟s largest emitter of greenhouse gases.
b) Brazil ratifies Paris agreement with pledge to sharply reduce emissions.
c) The Brazilian efforts to reduce deforestation in the Amazon
d) Brazil ratifies Paris agreement with a pledge not to reduce emissions.

Resposta correta: b

Resolução: O texto relata que o governo brasileiro deseja reduzir significativamente a emissão de gases poluentes. A resposta correta é, portanto, a alternativa b: Brasil ratifica o acordo de Paris com a promessa de reduzir drasticamente as emissões.

2. What does the sentence "It will add even greater momentum,(...)” mean in the last paragraph?

a) That small countries in South America will join the agreement because of the Brazilian participation.
b) That the Brazilian participation in the agreement will represent an important moment.
c) That the Brazilian participation in the agreement will represent a great burden to it.
d) That the Brazilian participation in the agreement will bring strength to it.

Resposta correta: d

Resolução: A alternativa correta é a d. “Momentum” significa impulso. “Even greater momentum” significa “até mais impulso ou força”: indica que a adesão do Brasil ao acordo ajudará a impulsioná-lo, ou seja, a acrescentar força a ele.