Simple Present (Presente Simples)

Afirmativa

Negativa

Interrogativa

I eat

I do not eat (I don’t eat)

Do I eat?

You eat

You do not eat (You don’t eat)

Do you eat?

He eats

He does not eat (He doesn’t eat)

Does he eat?

She eats

She does not eat (She doesn’t eat)

Does she eat?

It eats

It does not eat (It doesn’t eat)

Does it eat?

We eat

We do not eat (We don’t eat)

Do we eat?

You eat

You do not eat (You don’t eat)

Do you eat?

They eat

They do not eat (They don’t eat)

Do they eat?

O Simple Present (Presente Simples) expressa ações habituais, hábitos ou fatos.

Formulamos assim as frases no Simple Present:

  1. A terceira pessoa no singular termina em s. Exemplificando: speaks, talks, walks.
  2. Aos verbos terminados em s, sh, ch, x, z, o, acrescenta-se es: does, kisses, watches.
  3. Aos verbos terminados em y precedido de vogal, acrescenta-se apenas s: I play – he plays.

Exemplos

He goes to the beach every Sunday. (Ele vai à praia todo domingo). Ação habitual.
He smokes. (Ele fuma). Hábito.
A circle is round. (Um círculo é redondo). Fato

Observação:

O Simple Present e advérbios de frequência costumam ocorrer na mesma frase. Exemplos: always (sempre), every (todo), never (nunca), usually (usualmente), often (frequentemente), seldom (raramente), sometimes (às vezes), etc.

Simple Past (Passado Simples)

Afirmativa       

Negativa

Interrogativa

I looked

I did not look (I didn’t look)

Did I look?

You looked

You did not look (You didn’t look)

Did you look?

He looked

He did not look (He didn’t look)

Did he look?

She looked

She did not look (She didn’t look)

Did she look?

It looked

It did not look (It didn’t look)

Did it look?

We looked

We did not look (We didn’t look)

Did we look?

You looked

You did not look (You didn’t look)

Did you look?

They looked

They did not look (They didn’t look)

Did they look?

O Simple Past (Passado Simples) é utilizado para falar sobre uma ação que aconteceu no passado e já foi concluída. É denominado de Passado Simples porque o momento em que a ação ocorreu pode ser definido.

Formulamos assim as frases no Simple Past (verbos regulares): sujeito + infinitivo + -ed.

Exemplos

He looked at me. (Ele olhou para mim).
Yesterday, I walked for an hour. (Ontem, eu andei durante uma hora).

Frases no Simple Past frequentemente empregam palavras que indicam um evento ocorrido no passado: yesterday (ontem), last night (ontem à noite), last week (semana passada), last month (mês passado), last year (ano passado), some time ago (há algum tempo).

Regras de Ortografia do Simple Past:

1. Quando o verbo termina em –e, adiciona –d, não –ed.

Exemplos

Live – lived 
Like – liked 

Forma Afirmativa - To like

Singular

1st person

I liked

2nd person

You liked

3rd person

He liked

3rd person

She liked

3rd person

It liked

Plural

1st person

We liked

2nd person

You liked

3rd person

They liked

2. Alguns verbos curtos: dobra-se a última consoante e adiciona-se –ed. (Atenção: as letras v, w, x, y não podem ser dobradas).

Exemplos

fit – fitted 
stop – stopped

Forma Afirmativa - To stop

Singular

1st person

I stopped

2nd person

You stopped

3rd person

He stopped

3rd person

She stopped

3rd person

It stopped

Plural

1st person

We stopped

2nd person

You stopped

3rd person

They stopped

3. Alguns verbos longos: dobra-se a última consoante e adiciona-se ed. (As letras v, w, x, y não podem ser dobradas).

Exemplos

prefer – preferred
regret – regretted

Forma Afirmativa - To regret

Singular

1st person

I regretted

2nd person

You regretted

3rd person

He regretted

3rd person

She regretted

3rd person

It regretted

Plural

1st person

We regretted

2nd person

You regretted

3rd person

They regretted

4. Verbos que terminam com uma consoante seguida de y: o y torna-se i, e adiciona-se -ed.

Exemplos

try – tried
carry – carried
study – studied 
(Nos três exemplos acima, o y foi substituído por um i e foi adicionado ed).

Forma Afirmativa - To study

Singular

1st person

I studied

2nd person

You studied

3rd person

He studied

3rd person

She studied

3rd person

It studied

Plural

1st person

We studied

2nd person

You studied

3rd person

They studied