Verbs - Present Progressive

Present Progressive – Positive Form

Tendo estudado o simple present, estudaremos agora o present progressive. Numa aula futura, faremos a comparação de ambos tempos verbais.

O present progressive é usado para descrever uma ação que está ocorrendo no momento em que se fala. (Lembre-se que o simple present descreve uma ação que ocorre regularmente).

O present progressive é frequentemente usado em frases que incluam palavras como now (agora) e at the moment (no momento).

“To eat” - Forma afirmativa
Singular
1st person I am eating
2nd person You are eating
3rd person He is eating
3rd person She is eating
3rd person It is eating
Plural
1st person We are eating
2nd person You are eating
3rd person They are eating

Forma Afirmativa:

Sujeito + am / is / are + infinitivo + -ing

Exemplos:

I am sleeping. (Eu estou dormindo.)
He is walking. (Ele está andando.)
She is speaking. (Ela está falando.)

REGRAS DE ORTOGRAFIA DO PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

1. No caso de alguns verbos curtos (formados por poucas letras), dobra-se a última consoante e adiciona-se –ing.

Exemplos:

sit – sitting
put – putting
run – running

“To run” - Forma afirmativa
Singular
1st person I am running
2nd person You are running
3rd person He is running
3rd person She is running
3rd person It is running
Plural
1st person We are running
2nd person You are running
3rd person They are running

IMPORTANTE:

Nunca se dobram as consoantes v, w, x, y.

“To fix” - Forma afirmativa
Singular
1st person I am fixing
2nd person You are fixing
3rd person He is fixing
3rd person She is fixing
3rd person It is fixing
Plural
1st person We are fixing
2nd person You are fixing
3rd person They are fixing

2. No caso de alguns verbos longos, também se dobra a última consoante (exceto no caso da consoante ser v, w, x ou y).

Exemplo:

Begin – beginning

“To begin” - Forma afirmativa
Singular
1st person I am beginning
2nd person You are beginning
3rd person He is beginning
3rd person She is beginning
3rd person It is beginning
Plural
1st person We are beginning
2nd person You are beginning
3rd person They are beginning

3. Verbos que terminam com uma consoante + vogal e: elimina-se a vogal e e adiciona-se –ing.

Exemplos:

Write – writing
Leave – leaving

Note que nos exemplos acima (write e leave) a vogal e foi eliminada antes de –ing ser adicionado

“To write” - Forma afirmativa
Singular
1st person I am writing
2nd person You are writing
3rd person He is writing
3rd person She is writing
3rd person It is writing
Plural
1st person We are writing
2nd person You are writing
3rd person They are writing

4. Verbos que terminam em –ie: elimina-se o –ie e adiciona-se –ying.

Exemplos:

Tie – tying
Lie – lying

Note que nos exemplos acima o –ie foi eliminado, sendo substituído por –ying.

“To lie” - Forma afirmativa
Singular
1st person I am lying
2nd person You are lying
3rd person He is lying
3rd person She is lying
3rd person It is lying
Plural
1st person We are lying
2nd person You are lying
3rd person They are lying

Present Progressive – Negative Form

Estudamos o present progressive na forma afirmativa. Nesta aula, estudaremos a forma negativa.

Lembre-se que o present progressive é o tempo verbal utilizado para descrever uma ação que esteja ocorrendo no momento em que se fala. Ao empregar a forma negativa, estamos relatando que algo não está ocorrendo no momento em que se fala.

Exemplos:

Forma Afirmativa: He is sleeping. (Ele está dormindo).

Forma Negativa: He is not sleeping. (Ele não está dormindo.)

Forma Negativa:

am /is / are + not + infinitivo + -ing

Importante

Ao invés de not, pode-se usar também a contração n’t.

“To eat
Afirmativa
Negativa
Singular
1st person
I am eating
I am not eating
(I’m not eating)
2nd person
You are eating
You are not eating
(You’re not eating)
3rd person
He is eating
He is not eating
(He’s not eating)
3rd person
She is eating
She is not eating 
(She’s not eating)
3rd person
It is eating
It is not eating 
(It’s not eating)
Plural
1st person
We are eating
We are not eating 
(We’re not eating)
2nd person
You are eating
You are not eating
(You’re not eating)
3rd person
They are eating
They are not eating 
(They’re not eating)
“To leave
Afirmativa
Negativa
Singular
1st person
I am leaving
I am not leaving
(I’m not leaving)
2nd person
You are leaving
You are not leaving
(You’re not leaving)
3rd person
He is leaving
He is not leaving
(He’s not leaving)
3rd person
She is leaving
She is not leaving
(She’s not leaving)
3rd person
It is leaving
It is not leaving
(It’s not leaving)
Plural
1st person
We are leaving
We are not leaving
(We’re not leaving)
2nd person
You are leaving
You are not leaving
(You’re not leaving)
3rd person
They are leaving
They are not leaving
(They’re not leaving)
 

Sumário

- Present Progressive – Positive Form
- Present Progressive – Negative Form
- Present Progressive – Question Form
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